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来历坎坷的六一儿童节

2020-03-01 17:16:02 来源:国外网站推荐 - 由[国外网站大全]整理
一年一度的六一儿童节,在这个日子里全世界的儿童都是高兴的,但是我们不会忘记那场大屠杀,法西斯那罪恶的双手,我们不会再让他们伤害无辜的儿童,我们不能忘记今天。

但是我们今天是快乐的,祝全世界的儿童都健康的成长。
来历坎坷的六一儿童节
61 children festivals origin As early as in November, 1949, the international democraticWomen's Federation held the conference in the former Soviet UnionMoscow, attended the conference the representative in order toguarantee the world child's right to subsistence, the health carepower and are educated the power, the anti-imperialism war peddlerpoisoned, the maltreatment child, proposed every year on June 1 forthe International Children's Day suggestion. From then on, every yearon June 1, the various countries' child holds the assembly, celebratesown holiday. Our country was makes the decision in December 23, 1949, stipulationevery year June 1 for the child festival. 1950 on June 1, Chairman MaoZedong also the own handwriting wrote for the child festival topic"celebrates the child festival". This year already was new China hadbeen established after the 52nd child festival. The schoolmates arecelebrating joyfully the holiday time, must frequently keep firmly inmind: Today we are the motherland flowers, future will have to makethe socialism building pillar of the state. About "child festival origin". Whenever "61" International Children's Day time, the children alljubilantly are celebrating joyfully own holiday. That smiling face, anintermittent singing sound, has all filled happy and is joyful. Butyou whether do know this "61" the festival origin? Whether knew thesame year determined child festival time, is because in the world hadthe innumerable youth to take away in the war the immature life. That is in Second World War period, in June, 1942, the German Fascistgunned down Czechoslovakia 利迪 to whip village 16 year old of abovethe masculine citizen 140 person and the complete baby, and detainedthe woman and 90 children toward the concentration camp. In thevillage houses, the building are burned down, an in good conditionvillage on for is destroyed like this by the German Fascist. In order to mourn 利迪 whips the village and the world possesses thechild which dies by accident in the Fascist aggressive war, theanti-imperialism war peddler kills by mistreatment and poisons thechild, safeguards the right of the child, in November, 1949 theinternational democratic Women's Federation held the executivecommittee in Moscow, officially decided every year June 1 for theworld youth's holiday, namely International Children's Day. After new China had been established, the Central People's Governmentstate administrative council made the decision to December 23, 1949,stipulated in June on 1 for the new China's child festival,simultaneously announced abolished old Kuomintang party government1,931 implementations on April 4 for the child festival stipulation. At present, the various countries' government generally will payattention to child's future, will protect child's rights andinterests. Of United Nations in 1990 through "Convention on the Rightsof Children", our country is participates in one of the formulationcountry and signing a treaty countries. Is authorizing "Convention onthe Rights of Children" the identical year, our country haspromulgated "People's Republic of China Minor Protection method", thisto maintained youth's rights and interests to play the positive role. For practically safeguards the child health to grow, China legislated,judicial, government each department concerned as well as the socialgroup has all established the corresponding organization. Separatelyis equipped with at the National People's Congress and in the Chinesepeople political consultative conference is responsible for thelegislation and the cognizant agency which the women and childrensafeguards. Under the State Council supposes the women and childrenworking committee, is responsible to coordinate and the impetusgovernment department concerned completes maintains the child rightsand interests the safeguard work, does the practical work for thechild.

六一儿童节的来历 
早在1949年11月,国际民主妇女联合会在前苏联莫斯科召开会议,参加会议的代表为了保证全世界儿童的生存权、保健权和受教育权,反对帝国主义战争贩子毒害、虐待儿童,提出了每年的6月1日为国际儿童节的建议。从此以后,每年的6月1日,各国儿童举行集会,庆祝自己的节日。 
我国是在1949年12月23日做出决定,规定每年6月1日为儿童节。1950年的6月1日,毛泽东主席还亲笔为儿童节题写“庆祝儿童节”。今年已是新中国成立之后的第52个儿童节了。同学们在欢度节日的时候,要时刻牢记:今天我们是祖国的花朵,将来要做社会主义大厦的栋梁。 

关于“儿童节由来”。 
每当“六一”国际儿童节的时候,孩子们都兴高采烈地欢度着自己的节日。那一张张笑脸,一阵阵歌声,都充满了幸福和快乐。但是你是否知道这“六一”节的来历?是否知道当年确定儿童节的时候,是因为世界上有无数的少年儿童在战争中被夺去了幼小的生命。 

那是在第二次世界大战期间,1942年6月,德国法西斯枪杀了捷克利迪策村16岁以上的男性公民140余人和全部婴儿,并把妇女和90名儿童押往集中营。村里的房舍、建筑物均被烧毁,好端端的一个村庄就这样被德国法西斯给毁了。 

为了悼念利迪策村和全世界所有在法西斯侵略战争中死难的儿童,反对帝国主义战争贩子虐杀和毒害儿童,保障儿童权利,1949年11月国际民主妇女联合会在莫斯科召开执委会,正式决定每年6月1日为全世界少年儿童的节日,即国际儿童节。 

新中国成立后,中央人民政府政务院于1949年12月23日作出决定,规定6月1日为新中国的儿童节,同时宣布废除旧中国国民党政府1931起实行的4月4日为儿童节的规定。 

目前,各国政府普遍关注儿童的未来,保护儿童的权益。联合国1990年通过的《儿童权利公约》,我国是参与制定国和签约国之一。在批准《儿童权利公约》的同一年,我国颁布了《中华人民共和国未成年人保护法》,这对维护少年儿童的权益起到了积极的作用。 

为切实保障儿童健康成长,中国立法、司法、政府各有关部门以及社会团体都建立了相应的机构。在全国人民代表大会和中国人民政治协商会议内分别设有负责妇女儿童保障的立法和监督机构。国务院下设的妇女儿童工作委员会,负责协调和推动政府有关部门做好维护儿童权益的保障工作,为儿童办实事。 


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